Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Computer Technician In capitalistic nation like the United States of America, the labor market is controlled by forces of demand and supply. When demand for a certain profession is high, then salaries and wages are expected to be high; on the other side when the demands of a certain profession is low, then wages and demand of the profession will be lower.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Computer Technician specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More When a profession is paying higher than the equilibrium wage rate, then the profession is considered to be getting higher return than the expected ones (Goodwin-White, 1119). This paper discusses computer technician profession as one career that earns high returns than the equilibrium wage rate. The profession One profession that is earning higher than the equilibrium wage rate is computer technician job; the main work of the technicians is to repairs and maintains computers hardware, software, compute r accessories, and servers. Other than the tasks started above, at high level, technicians are involved in the works of configuring new hardware, maintaining system networks, installing and updating software packages; there are different ranks and levels of the career from certificate level to doctorate level. Wages and salaries from the profession depend with ones level of education. Source of demand The main source of demand for computer technicians comes from corporate and individual customers who have adopted current technologies in computers. There is an increased use of computer for various activities; the computers, both hardware and software need to be maintained and managed; this is the role of the technicians. The demand and increased use of computers means that there will be an increased demand for technicians and their service; other than the increase in demand, there is a fast upgrading of computer systems calling for people to need the demand of technicians. To tap the increasing market, technicians use different methods; they include formal employment, freelance computer technicians and businesses. When employed, their wages is relatively high compared to wage of other people in different professions. On the other hand, when they are operating personal businesses and as freelancers, they get an increased demand for their services, thus increasing their returns (Goodwin-White, 1119).Advertising Looking for essay on computer science? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Supply The demand of technicians is expected to be fulfilled by young people graduating from colleges and universities. However, the arte at which students are taking computer science as their course is not as high as the demand for the course. On the other hand, it is considered as one of the courses that require high college entry marks thus it limits the number of students that engage and take the course this further reduces the supply of professionals. Another thing that has affected the supply of the labor is increased movement of trained profession to other nations where they go to get better chances in life; the outflow makes the United State market suffer a deficit (Sobel and Stroup 23). Government control and regulations Although the United States regulates wages and salaries in the economy, it does not set the highest limit that someone should get as his or her salary. On the other hand, there is no central body of technicians that can control the prices they should charge for their services. The lack of control leaves demand and supply to be the only determinant of price in the market; the capitalistic nature of the market works for the good of the profession. Goodwin-White, John. Ã¢â¬Å"Emerging Contexts of Second-Generation Labour Markets in the United StatesÃ¢â¬ . Journal of Ethnic Migration Studies 35.7 (2009): 1105-112. Print. Sobel, Macpherson, and Stroup Richard.Ã Economics: Private and Public Choice. New Jersey: Wisely,2008. Print.
Friday, November 22, 2019
Nursing School Admission Essay Nursing School Admission Essay Nursing School Admission Essay: A Plan for Your Writing If you want to write a nursing school admission essay which will bring you to admission itself, you have to mention some of the required points while your nursing school application essay writing. This article is going to explain you what kind of the information you have to mention and what you have to write in your nursing school admission essay in order the admission committee to admit you. Use our nursing school admission essay plan in your writing and you re doomed to success. Tips On Writing Nursing School Admission Essay Convince the admission committee that you really want to be admitted and explain why you are worth of being admitted in this very nursing school. Write about your strengths; emphasize some of the traits of your personality, which differ you from all the other applicants. Mention your relations with your friends; write how they would describe you if they were asked to do it. Speak about your favorite activity and how it influences your every day life. Whether it helps you to become more disciplined or maybe t helps you to solve some of the problems you have. Describe your favourite book or movie and tell how it changes your personality and your outlook. Mention some moment of epiphany, which you have once experienced, consider what you have learned thanks to this very moment. Write about your experience if there is such in the field of medicine in whole and in the field of nursing in particular. Speak about your major success and failure in your life. Tell which traits of character have helped you to succeed in something and which conclusion you have made after you experienced some failure. Tell whether you had some difficult times in your life and what they taught you. Mention your plans for future, how you imagine your future life, which person you want to be near with, which career you want to make and how your nursing degree will help you to make your dreams come true. Give a strong reason for why you have chosen this very school to admit and not the other one. Read also:http://.com/blog/college-admission-essay-writing We Can Help You With Writing A Successful Admission Essay We hope this very nursing school admission essay plan will help you a lot while writing. Do not forget to mention all of the points we have enumerated for you in order your nursing school admission essay to be competitive and successful one. Interesting topics: Critical Success Factor Analysis Concept Essay Essay Assignment Analysis Case Studies How to Write a Research Paper
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Ottomans - Essay Example The Turks conquered the Byzantine city Bilecik in the year 1299. Subsequently, several other cities, villages and forts in Byzantium were conquered by these warriors. These developments took place, in the earlier years of the 1300s. In addition, several of the Turkish principalities and tribes were also annexed (Parry 65). As such, the origin of the Ottoman dates back to the year 1299, when it evolved from a frontier principality of Anatolia. In the years that followed, it emerged as an important empire of the world. Its territory extended from Eastern Europe and the Arabian Peninsula to North Africa, in the sixteenth century. Thereafter, it underwent a gradual decline and was extinguished in the year 1922 (Gocek 3). This was due to the formation of Turkey on its central lands. The merging of western influences with the extant social structure resulted in a divided bourgeois. This brought about fragmentation of its bureaucratic and commercial classes, which in turn resulted in the decline of the Ottoman Empire (Gocek 3).Kosovo was under the control of Serbia for different spells of varying duration, until a final defeat in the year 1455. Thereafter, both these nations became Turkish allies and part of the Ottoman Empire (What is History of Kosovo). Subsequently, Bayezid II became the Ottoman Sultan in the year 1481. He continued in his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s footsteps, by promoting both eastern and western culture. This was in distinct contradiction to the practices of the other Sultans. In addition, Bayezid II spared no pains in his efforts to have a smooth political culture in the nation. This earned him the well Ã¢â¬â deserved sobriquet of the Just (Bayezid II). The empire of the Seljuk Turks was undergoing a systematic breakdown. The outcome was the emergence of several Turkish states in Asia Minor. The Ottoman state had its humble beginnings in
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Inclusive Education in UK - Essay Example (Mitchell, 2005) Some philosophers argue that inclusion is the act of inviting others in or integrating others into the mainstream. (Asante, 1996). This premise stems from the fact that some people in society have always been treated unfairly. Society has been historically unjust to certain categories of individuals. These include racial minorities, handicaps and others. Proponents of such a definition claim that people who have been sidelined in the past need to be 'invited in'. One can therefore extend this definition of inclusion to the field of education where inclusive education may be defined as a form of education that facilitates integrating those who have been neglected in the past 'in'. However, one cannot help but see some of the loopholes that emerge from such a definition. First of all, who has a right to invite others in Additionally one should examine what are the causes of exclusion in the past. It should be understood that all persons have equal rights in education. No single person should have the upper hand to decide another's fate. (Hanson, et al, 1998) A more acceptable way of looking at inclusive education should include the acknowledgment of the fact that all human beings are born equal and that society is given the responsibility of supporting those who have special needs. The Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education came up with a more comprehensive definition of inclusive education. They state that inclusive education refers to inclusion of all manner of children in schools (high school, universities, colleges and preschool) regardless of their disabilities provided they are given all the support they require. They assert that inclusion should encompass the community and life in general. It involves the acknowledgment of the fact that some pupils or students may need more support. The support should be provided by a number of stakeholders ranging from local governments, education agencies and education sponsors among others. However, there is a need to modify this kind of definition because it does not include the element of continuity. (Lieber et al, 1998) The most acceptable and comprehensive definition was put forward by CSIE, two years later. They described inclusive education as the continuous process of including students in mainstream classrooms, the community and local culture. It also involves reducing the level of exclusion in the latter mentioned realms. It also involves the elimination or reduction of obstacles in education and participation. It should be noted that this definition is more dynamic and highlights the fact that schools/ communities cannot adopt inclusion overnight. This is something that gradually changes with time. It should also be noted that this definition avoids the use of integration and emphasises inclusion instead. The reason for this is that integration tends to imply that some people are more equal than others and that the former have a right to 'integrate' others into their own systems. Advantages and disadvantages of inclusive education Advantages Inclusive education is more beneficial than it is detrimental. Even criticisms labelled against inclusive education are simply based on the fact that the program was not implemented properly. If it is implemented in the right way, then inclusive
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Solving This Case Please Essay Professor A. Van Cauwenbergh of Antwerp University, in a paper presented at the Tenth Anniversary Conference of the European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management, presented four revisions to traditional Management Theory. In summary, the revisions are: (1) The initiative for the renewal and adjustment of the activities of a firm should come from the different levels in the management hierarchy. Ã¢â¬Å"Strategy is not a privilege of top managementÃ¢â¬ . (2) Firms, especially big firms, are incoherent systems (goals of the different component systems are not simply subdivisions of an overall goal; there are individual, conflicting goals as well). Some of these differences are manifestations of organizational initiative and vitality. Using information systems and central planning and rule making to suppress all differences is destructive to organizations. (3) The most vital Ã¢â¬Å"fluidÃ¢â¬ of an enterprise is the aggregate of its entrepreneurial values. The most fundamental and motivation and control come through these shared values relative to work, quality, efficiency, etc. Management often neglects these values and assumes that the collection and dissemination of information will provide sufficient motivation and control. (4) Enterprises are open systems; their structure and operating processes are determined by their environment. This means organizations must be designed to continually adjust to the environment. Questions:Ã 1. If these revisions are correct, how is planning to be organized? How should the information system support the planning organization? 2. Can the information system aid in achieving shared values? 3. How might a comprehensive system be used to stifle initiative
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Sub-Prime Mortgage: The Snowball Effect Intermediate Macroeconomics Sub-prime mortgages were a lucrative new market idea, pushed by the government, executed by the lending institutions, in order to provide everyone the American Dream. During the expanding economy, this dream became a realityÃ¢â¬âuntested and uncheckedÃ¢â¬âas low interest rates fueled the desire of investors to make dreams come true! Ultimately, the vicissitudes of the economy turned downward and the snowball effect began while financial sectors and investors scrambled to catch the falling knife. While history is being written this very day and hindsight is 20/20, we can reflect on the ideologies and policies that brought forth the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. At the birth of the sub-prime mortgage market, investors and lending institutions had found a way for more families to live the American Dream while they were able to profit. The economy was booming, the unemployment rate was low, and the demand for housing was high due to low interest rates. The idea was that lenders were willing to accept more risk by financing homes with less equity to those that were not creditworthy. The incentive to the lender was a higher interest rate to the consumer, while expecting a higher foreclosure rate. Due to the high demand for housing, assets were also appreciating decreasing the implied risk. Add in the origination fees, suddenly the entire proposition became very profitable. In theory, the market assumed an annual foreclosure rate of 8% with the average loss due to foreclosure being 30%. Over a $1.2 trillion market pool, the predicted foreclosures would only cost a mere 2.4% implied loss from gross revenues. If the subprime homeownerÃ¢â¬ â¢s a... ...e leaders and thorough oversight, our economy should bounce back with another painful lesson learned. References Petroff, Eric. Ã¢â¬Å"Who is to Blame for the Subprime Crisis?Ã¢â¬ 2007. Investopedia. October 5, 2008. http://investopedia.com/printable.asp?a=/articles/07/subprime-blame.asp Amerman, Daniel. Ã¢â¬Å"The Subprime Crisis is Just Starting.Ã¢â¬ March 20, 2008. Financial Sense University. October 5, 2008. http://www.financialsense.com/fsu/editorials/amerman/2008/0320.html Bajaj, Vikas and Story, Louise. Ã¢â¬Å"Mortgage Crisis Spreads Past Subprime Loans.Ã¢â¬ February 12, 2008. The New York Times. October 5, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/12/business/12credit.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print Barnes, Ryan. Ã¢â¬Å"The Fuel that Fed the Subprime Meltdown.Ã¢â¬ 2007. Investopedia. October 5, 2008. http://investopedia.com/printable.asp?a=/articles/07/subprime-overview.asp Sub-Prime Mortgages and the Death of the American Dream Essay example Sub-Prime Mortgage: The Snowball Effect Intermediate Macroeconomics Sub-prime mortgages were a lucrative new market idea, pushed by the government, executed by the lending institutions, in order to provide everyone the American Dream. During the expanding economy, this dream became a realityÃ¢â¬âuntested and uncheckedÃ¢â¬âas low interest rates fueled the desire of investors to make dreams come true! Ultimately, the vicissitudes of the economy turned downward and the snowball effect began while financial sectors and investors scrambled to catch the falling knife. While history is being written this very day and hindsight is 20/20, we can reflect on the ideologies and policies that brought forth the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. At the birth of the sub-prime mortgage market, investors and lending institutions had found a way for more families to live the American Dream while they were able to profit. The economy was booming, the unemployment rate was low, and the demand for housing was high due to low interest rates. The idea was that lenders were willing to accept more risk by financing homes with less equity to those that were not creditworthy. The incentive to the lender was a higher interest rate to the consumer, while expecting a higher foreclosure rate. Due to the high demand for housing, assets were also appreciating decreasing the implied risk. Add in the origination fees, suddenly the entire proposition became very profitable. In theory, the market assumed an annual foreclosure rate of 8% with the average loss due to foreclosure being 30%. Over a $1.2 trillion market pool, the predicted foreclosures would only cost a mere 2.4% implied loss from gross revenues. If the subprime homeownerÃ¢â¬ â¢s a... ...e leaders and thorough oversight, our economy should bounce back with another painful lesson learned. References Petroff, Eric. Ã¢â¬Å"Who is to Blame for the Subprime Crisis?Ã¢â¬ 2007. Investopedia. October 5, 2008. http://investopedia.com/printable.asp?a=/articles/07/subprime-blame.asp Amerman, Daniel. Ã¢â¬Å"The Subprime Crisis is Just Starting.Ã¢â¬ March 20, 2008. Financial Sense University. October 5, 2008. http://www.financialsense.com/fsu/editorials/amerman/2008/0320.html Bajaj, Vikas and Story, Louise. Ã¢â¬Å"Mortgage Crisis Spreads Past Subprime Loans.Ã¢â¬ February 12, 2008. The New York Times. October 5, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/12/business/12credit.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print Barnes, Ryan. Ã¢â¬Å"The Fuel that Fed the Subprime Meltdown.Ã¢â¬ 2007. Investopedia. October 5, 2008. http://investopedia.com/printable.asp?a=/articles/07/subprime-overview.asp
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
The Ilocos region or Region I (Ilokano: Rehion ti Ilocos, or Deppaar ti Ilocos ; Pangasinan: Rihiyon na Sagor na Baybay na Luzon (Region at the Northwest Coast of Luzon)) is a Region of the Philippines and is located in the northwest of Luzon. It borders to the east the regions of the Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley and to the south the region of Central Luzon. To the northwest is the West Philippine Sea. The region is composed of four provinces, namely: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union and Pangasinan. Its regional center is San Fernando City, La Union. Ilocano speakers compose 66% of the region, and Pangasinan speakers are 27%, and the Tagalogs compose 3% Ã¢â¬ ¢ Culture of Ilocos Ilocandia has a rich culture reminiscent of colonial times. Vigan, the colonial metropolis and considered as the Ã¢â¬Å"Intramuros of the NorthÃ¢â¬ , still retains the Castillan colonial architecture of the times. Lined along its narrow and cobble-stoned streets are old Spanish-type houses (commonly called Vigan house), most of which have been left abandoned. These stately homes have huge, high-pitched roofs, large and rectangular living rooms with life-sized mirrors, old, wooden furniture and ornate Vienna sets. The churches of the Ilocos Region are the enduring symbol of the triumphant transformation of the Ilocano from being practitioners of indigenous religions to practitioners of theistic Christianity. Some of its most impressive churches are: the Vigan Cathedral in Ilocos Sur with its massive hand-carved images of the via crucis; that of Magsingal (also in Ilocos Sur) with its centuries-old wooden altar; the St. Augustine Church in Paoay (Ilocos Norte) which takes the form of a baroque-type built with massive buttresses; and Sta. Maria Church (Ilocos Sur), nestled atop a hill with a stone stairway of 80 steps, are both listed in the UNESCO World Heritage sites. Dances were mainly a reflection of the gracious ways of the Ilocano. The dinaklisan (a dance common to fisher folks), the agabel (a weaverÃ¢â¬â¢s dance) and the agdamdamili (a pot dance) illustrate in simple steps the ways of the industrious Ilocano. Other popular dances among the Ilocanos are Tadek, Habanera, Comintan, Saimita, Kinotan, Kinnalogong.
Saturday, November 9, 2019
This guide covers research papers, and provides advice on forming a title for your research paper, how to plan your paper before you start, and filtering material for your research paper. What is a research paper? The terms Ã¢â¬Ëresearch paperÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëterm paperÃ¢â¬â¢ are frequently used interchangeably. However, the terms do not mean the same thing. Ã¢â¬ËTerm paperÃ¢â¬â¢ was used in the past exclusively to refer to the project (indeed research based) that was due at the end of a term, semester or quarter whereas Ã¢â¬Ëresearch paperÃ¢â¬â¢ had a more specific meaning, i.e. a paper written as a summary of research. Hence Ã¢â¬Ëresearch papersÃ¢â¬â¢ may be written at any level (before, during and after attending university), they may be published works in a professional journal and they may represent the results of practical research, which would not ordinarily be conducted for a term paper. This is the context in which we will discuss the term Ã¢â¬Ëresearch paperÃ¢â¬â¢ herein. A research paper is an academic written assignment that is the product of a research project. This may span days, months, weeks or even years. Typically, research papers will involve the examination of a particular issue, and discuss: * The background or history of that issue * Any outstanding questions relating to the issue (the research paper will commonly focus on one particular question and seek to establish evidence to answer this) * The current data and statistics relating to the issue * The problems relating to the issue as revealed by the data * The problems relating to the issue as revealed by practical primary research (i.e. carrying out interviews, tests etc) or secondary research (i.e. looking at other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s research) * Proposed solutions to the problems, and the strengths and weaknesses of these * Conclusions drawn from the data, research and evidence, as examined * Recommendations in relation to these conclusions. We will look at each of these elements in turn, in order to understand how a student or professional can write a good research paper. Forming a title for your research paper Unlike most types of assignment, the research paper title is usually decided upon AFTER you have completed the paper. This is so that the title accurately reflects the contents of the paper. However, your research paper will need a working title. This helps you to focus and helps others to understand what you are doing Ã¢â¬â for example, your lecturer/instructor or, if working at a higher level, those funding your project. You should therefore return to this section when you have completed your paper. You then need to pick a concise, accurate title for your research paper that will make readers want to look at your content, help others find your paper in databases, and explain exactly what is covered by the paper with a high degree of accuracy. A research paper will commonly have a title of 15-20 words in length. Every word must be necessary for the title Ã¢â¬â and so for example, Ã¢â¬ËProject onÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËPaper onÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËResearch onÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢ should be removed as these types of phrases are not necessary. Example concise research paper titles: * Unemployment by Constituency * Transport in New York Research Paper Subtitle Unlike a research paper or essay, it is very common to give your research paper a subtitle. This explains your title more fully, puts it in context and qualifies the extent, or scope, of the research. Example subtitles (relating to the above example titles): * 2007-2008 trends using constituency maps * Transport governance and provision since X was elected in 1999 Researching/gathering information for your research paper As your research paper needs to show a good depth of reading, good research skills are paramount! But before you start, a key thing to bear in mind is that you MUST reference all material that you use in your paper. So the first thing to do is find out what referencing style is required (either by your university or, if you are writing a research paper for a journal, by that journal) and start to record the location of your sources using that referencing style. If you do this as you perform the research, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll save yourself hours of time later on. Here are some research tips to get you started: RESEARCH STEP 1 * Form a list of keywords from your research paperÃ¢â¬â¢s working title * Use a thesaurus to find words that mean the same thing as your list of keywords RESEARCH STEP 2 Most students will begin researching using the Internet and indeed, this is a great way to get ideas for your research paper. So start with Google, type in your keywords and bookmark the most relevant information sites that appear in relation to the issue. Then identify all current matters that relate to your issue from those sites. Note: Internet websites provide a fast source of up-to-date information but unfortunately they are not a reliable source. Use a search of the web as a starting point but unless the website is hosted and edited by a Ã¢â¬ËreliableÃ¢â¬â¢ organization (such as the Government), donÃ¢â¬â¢t rely on its contents as a source for your research paper. Find another means of verifying the information. RESEARCH STEP 3 Now youÃ¢â¬â¢ve identified a list of issues and current debates for your research paper, you need to find some quality source material. The first stage is to find the most recent books written about the issue youÃ¢â¬â¢re researching. Whilst books are not as up-to-date as journals and articles, they will contain valid points-of-view that need to be considered. So where do you find books for your research paper? * Google Books Ã¢â¬â this is a good place to start as it has several thousand books that have been scanned in, together with details and snippet views of those which havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been scanned in. * Amazon.com Ã¢â¬â Amazon is a good source because you can see which books are being released, and their release date, as well as using Ã¢â¬Ësearch insideÃ¢â¬â¢ to look through the contents of many books (this latter service only works if you have placed an order before) * Questia Ã¢â¬â Questia has thousands of books scanned in although you have to pay a small subscription fee. Your university may also provide you with access to a library and you can then search through their databases to find the most relevant and recent books for your research paper. The best way to scan whether a book is relevant to what youÃ¢â¬â¢re writing about is to look through the index. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll quickly see if thereÃ¢â¬â¢s anything useful in the book for your research paper. RESEARCH STEP 4 Now you have the latest books for your research paper, you need to start looking for journals. These really should be your main type of source material. Open University Web Resources is an excellent list of such journal databases, although youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need an ATHENS password to use some of them. Our favorite journal databases for consistently excellent and up-to-date content are: * ScienceDirect Ã¢â¬â 2,000 peer-reviewed journals, books, handbooks etc * EBSCO- thousands of journals, millions of articles * Emerald- thousands of journals in management and library and information services, engineering, applied science and technology * Ingenta Ã¢â¬â 4,500+ journals in all fields and a further 20,000 abstracts The latter source, Ingenta, gives you FREE access to the bibliography which is useful for your research paper even if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have an athens login. Locate articles relating to your subject and check out the bibliography for further reading which you might be able to locate online without passwords. You can sometimes obtain a free trial of these databases giving you temporary access. Also, the four websites also have a good number of journals that you do not need a subscription to view. These are often indicated by a special icon. For example (from Ingenta): RESEARCH STEP 5 There is one final type of source material you need to consider, and that is the news. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re lucky enough to have an athens password, your first stop will be Lexis Professional (formerly known as LexisNexis Executive) which contains the full text of newspapers and other news sources worldwide; as well as company data, annual reports and business directory information from Disclosure, Extel, ICC, and Worldscope. If you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have an athens password, any good news site will suffice Ã¢â¬â US News, CNN etc. Of course, if you are researching an issue which affects another country, you should be looking at that countryÃ¢â¬â¢s main news website. What you are looking for is any current developments that may affect the research for your paper. This may be statistics released by the Government, consultation papers, proposed changes in legislation, current developments or debates etc. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t forget, newspapers are NOT a reliable source of information. You are using them to find information for your research paper but you should substantiate this information once you have found it. If it is reported that the Government has released some statistics, go and find those on the Government website. If a consultation paper has been released, go and find the paper and read it. Filtering the material for your research paper The five step research process reveals a lot of information for your research paper and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to filter it down, or youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have too much to analyses. This does, however, beg the question Ã¢â¬â how many sources should you use? The answer to this depends on the level of your research paper. If it is an assignment for your degree, you should look at using roughly 9 quality sources per 2,500 words. If it is for some post-graduate course, you can easily double that. A professional research paper (for publication) might use 30-40 sources per 2,500 words. The emphasis in all cases, however, should be on quality and not on quantity. A good selection of research material from a variety of quality sources (i.e. not just books, not just journals, not just the internet and not just the news) is far better than a huge selection of research material from poor quality, unreliable sources of a similar type. To help filter the information you have found for your research paper, you are going to need to evaluate its quality. This involves a consideration of whether: * The source is a quality source -itÃ¢â¬â¢s reliable, dependable and highly likely to be accurate. * The source is unbiased Ã¢â¬â watch newspapers which may have political views. Ask yourself if the writer has presented a balance argument, or has deliberately played down one side of the argument to prove his own personal views. * The source is relevant to your research Ã¢â¬â does it specifically tie in with your working title? * You havenÃ¢â¬â¢t already got enough material to prove what this source proves Ã¢â¬â if you aim to back up each of your arguments in your research paper with 2-3 pieces of evidence (for a very high quality paper) or at least 2 for a student paper, then you can filter out any material that is excessive of this. Creating an outline for your research paper A basic outline will look something like this: * Working title (as discussed previously) * Purpose Ã¢â¬â this is a short statement to say what the paper is for. It helps people who are looking for research papers themselves to assess the relevancy of your research paper to their studies. Example purpose statement: This paper shows the number of people claiming benefits recorded as resident in each constituency in the United States in July 2008, together with comparisons with the levels in July 2007 and July 1997. This paper also presents residence-based unemployment rates for all constituencies in the United States. * Methodology Ã¢â¬â this is a statement of how you will carry out your research. You have already done some Ã¢â¬Ësecondary researchÃ¢â¬â¢ but you may also wish to carry out Ã¢â¬Ëprimary researchÃ¢â¬â¢ for your paper. Primary research (sometimes called Ã¢â¬â¢empirical researchÃ¢â¬â¢) is research you carry out yourself and data that is produced as a result of this, which has never been published before. Primary research may be carried out through face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews, postal surveys, website surveys or focus/discussion groups. Be careful before carrying out research over the phone or through the post though Ã¢â¬â some states allow people to restrict how they are contacted. Secondary research is the study of data that exists already such as books, journals, statistics, other research papers, websites, news reports, magazine articles etc. You have already carried out secondary research through the five step research process. So which research method is best for your research paper? Instinctively you may think that the primary data will provide the most interesting results. However, if your time and budget are both limited, do not be tempted to embark on a study. You will do far better analyzing existing studies than producing a low-quality study that is limited in its value due to the amount of time and finance you can devote to it. * Scope of research Ã¢â¬â all research is going to be limited to certain factors. A paper on Ã¢â¬ËcrimeÃ¢â¬â¢ cannot investigate all types of crime, committed by all sexes, all ages, globally. So how are you going to limit your paper? What areas of the issue will you look at and which will you discard? Your statement of scope will be about 150-300 words long and explain exactly what you are going to cover in your research, and what you are going to leave out (usually with brief reasons). If you are carrying out primary research, you may want to set out the limitations of this here too. * Introduction Ã¢â¬â this is where you set the scene for your reader. You explain what you are researching and why. You identify the issues you will be looking into and you say what you are going to prove. It is therefore a good idea to write this last, along with your final title! * Background/history Ã¢â¬â this section of your research paper isnÃ¢â¬â¢t essential but might be appropriate. You might want to explain the development of the issue and how particular matters have arisen. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t bother unless it is necessary, to put the matter in context. * Body Ã¢â¬â this section of your research paper will be broken up into sub-sections, each dealing with a particular sub-matter. Aim to present balanced evidence in each section on the points you wish to raise, and try not to reach any conclusions at this stage. The Ã¢â¬ËbodyÃ¢â¬â¢ is the body of your research, not the analysis. * Findings/Discussion Ã¢â¬â hereÃ¢â¬â¢s where you analyze the research you have conducted and say how your findings are relevant to the issue. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a very important section, without which you will have merely stated other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s findings and opinions without contributing anything yourself. * Conclusion Ã¢â¬â this section of your research paper returns to the introduction and stated aims, and spells out very clearly how you achieved them, referring to the points you have proved and the evidence you have used to prove it. It should not be repetitive but instead, it should summarize the results of your research. You should also ensure no new material is introduced at this stage Ã¢â¬â if you have new material for your research paper, put it in the body and findings sections. * Recommendations Ã¢â¬â this section of your research paper is very much optional and will depend on whether such a section would be appropriate for the subject you are studying. Law research papers almost always will include recommendations. What sort of recommendations should you make? These might include: * How policies/the law/practice should be changed, based on your findings * What further research must be carried out before making any sensible recommendations. Your recommendations must actually relate to what you have established in your research paper. You cannot randomly introduce things at this stage that you think might be useful. They must be logical recommendations, based on your research and analysis, and they should follow on from the conclusion. Now you have written out an outline for your research paper, you will literally be able to Ã¢â¬Ëfill in the blanksÃ¢â¬â¢ and your paper should evolve and progress naturally, following the headings you have chosen. Keep referring back to your working title as you write, as well as to your methodology and scope. This should limit you to material that is most relevant and ensure you donÃ¢â¬â¢t include excessive, unnecessary points. Finishing your research paper Now youÃ¢â¬â¢ve written up your research paper, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to do a little editing and proofreading to ensure the finished product achieves the grade youÃ¢â¬â¢re looking for. This includes: * Weeding out any unnecessary material. Evaluate what you have written and whether it is needed, keeping the methodology, scope and working title in mind * Proofreading your research paper. Read it out loud, have someone else read it for you, run a spell check, run a grammar check Ã¢â¬â go over the paper several times and make sure you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t made any errors. There are often extra marks for students in respect of presentation. * Checking your referencing. Every source should be properly referenced. Quotations should be in Ã¢â¬Å"quotation marksÃ¢â¬ . Your work should contain a full list of references and a bibliography. References are sources you actually cite in your work whereas the bibliography includes sources which you may have read, and may have influenced your writing, but you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t specifically cited.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Examining The Concept Of Child Abuse Cases Social Work Essays Examining The Concept Of Child Abuse Cases Social Work Essay Examining The Concept Of Child Abuse Cases Social Work Essay This paper will look at kid maltreatment, what that is in Australia today. Through reexamining literature on kid maltreatment and kid protection this paper aims to demo that the construct of kid maltreatment is dependent on societal and cultural values. In order to discourse child maltreatment and its relationship to history and societal and cultural values it is of import to specify the term child maltreatment in the kid protection field in Australia today. Zuchowski ( 2009: 30 ) cites Fernandez as acknowledging that the importance of agreed and unambiguous definitions is cardinal to placing ill-treatment and appropriate intercessions and that kid maltreatment is a socially constructed construct defined by societal, cultural and economic conditions. In Australian kid protection work kid maltreatment is defined in footings of physical, sexual and emotional maltreatment and in the more combative country, kid disregard. Physical and emotional maltreatments are defined as Acts of the Apostless of committee or skip that cause injury or worse to kids. Sexual maltreatment is defined as the kid being used for the sexual satisfaction of the grownup and involves the maltreatment of trust and power inherent in relationships between grownups and kids. Neglect is defined as a state of affairs in which the parents/carers fail to supply for the basic indispensable demands that kids require ( Tilbury, Osmond, Wilson A ; Clark 2007:5 ; Tomison, 2001:48 ) . The term neglect is combative and implies opinion ; Feminism and Post-Modernist theories challenge workers to be critically brooding on the ways in which linguistic communication contributes to the building of societal values ( Healy, 2005:194 ) . Applied to child protection work Feminist, Structuralist and Critical societal work theories focus on societal and economic resources and acknowledge the impact that structural disadvantages have on households capacities to supply for kids ( Tilbury et al, 2007:29 ) . Disregard of kids was non recognized prior to the industrial revolution and kids every bit immature as five were treated as slave labor in orphanhoods, workhouses and mills, where they were starved, beaten and frequently kept in leg chainss ( Tomison, 2001:48 ) . These conditions are illegal in Australia today and would be considered as kid maltreatment by current societal values. History of Child Protection In the nineteenth century kids were basically seen as economic units, big households were an investing and kids s input was considered indispensable to household endurance ( Sanson A ; Wise, 2001:5 ) .By the bend of the twentieth century alterations in attitudes to child labors in Australia were reflected in Torahs such as the Factory Act of New South Wales and Victoria of 1896, mandatory instruction for all kids in all Australian provinces by 1900 and the constitution of voluntary kid deliverance groups such as The Victorian Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in 1894 which was concerned with kid maltreatment and the effects of poorness and disadvantage on their life conditions ( Sanson A ; Wise, 2001:5 ; Tomison, 2001:50 ) . However, widespread public concern sing the ill-treatment of kids merely emerged when kid maltreatment was rediscovered by Dr H Kempe and his co-workers in the United States in the 1960 s. They coined the term battered baby syndrome and their work created involvement in child ill-treatment around the universe. ( Tomison, 2001:50 ; Parton, 2002:5 ) . At the clip kid maltreatment was seen as a socio-medical job, a disease which could be cured and prevented whereas today child maltreatment is presently framed as a socio-legal job with the accent on assemblage and measuring forensic grounds ( Parton, 2002:11 ; Tomison, 2001:52 ) . The professionalisation of kid protection services during the 1970 s and 1980 s saw the development of risk-assessment tools ; AIDSs to help workers in doing the right determination and to assist guarantee answerability. These developments saw the worker as the expert ; whereas current theories used in societal work in Australia such as strengths- based attac ks and narrative therapies emphasize a collaborative attempt between households and kid protection services ( Kreuger, 2007:237 ; Tilbury et Al, 2007:16 ) . The influence of the kid deliverance motion in the late nineteenth century on kid protection in Australia has been profound, peculiarly act uponing the history of societal intercession and remotion of Autochthonal kids from their households ( Sanson A ; Wise, 2001:8. ) .Child protection in Australia was foremost provided by preponderantly Christian church groups in the non-government sector and targeted abandoned, ignored kids and those with households considered socially unequal . Initially rescued kids were boarded with sanctioned households until subsequently old ages when orphanhoods were established. In the early yearss of colony the want that kids suffered in establishments was recognized, taking to further attention or get oning out being the preferable arrangement for ignored kids ( Tomison, 2001:49 ) . Indigenous Child Protection From the first white colony of Australia colonial values and attacks saw the land being regarded as Terra Nullius , Autochthonal people being treated as free labor at best and subsequent Torahs, policies and patterns that forcibly removed Autochthonal kids from their households ( HREOC, 1997:2 ) . The Colonial response to the atrociousnesss perpetrated on the Aboriginal people was to set up a associated state system which would segregate and hence purportedly protect Autochthonal people. By 1911 most Australian provinces and districts had reserved land and assigned duty and hence control of Aboriginal people s lives to a Chief Protector or Protection Board. This power was used to take Indigenous kids from their households with a position to change overing them to Christianity ( HREOC, 1997 ) . This policy attack would be considered racialist by current societal criterions. Australia has been slow to acknowledge and esteem the cultural values of the Autochthonal people of Australia i n every manner, including kid attention and protection. As the population of assorted descent people grew authorities functionaries responded by taking kids and lodging them off from their households with the purpose of absorbing and unifying them into the non-Indigenous population. The physical remotion of Autochthonal kids continued in many pretenses up until the 1960 s ; those people affected by this pattern are now known as The Stolen Generation. In New South Wales after 1940, Indigenous and non-Indigenous kids came under general kid public assistance statute law. The built-in racism in policy and pattern and deficiency of acknowledgment of cultural differences ensured that Autochthonal households were more readily found to be inattentive. Poverty was equated with disregard and Autochthonal households, ineligible for unrestricted public assistance support until after 1966, were judged as neglecting to supply adequately by non-Indigenous criterions ( HREOC, 1997 ) . Attachment theory is based on the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Attachment theory recognizes the importance of the early relationship between parent and kid and its influence on kids s future ability to organize healthy relationships. Bowlby s work on maternal want, based on the premiss that fond regard to a health professional is indispensable for endurance, was non applied to Autochthonal households in the 1950 s and 60 s in Australia ( Bretherton, 1995:759 ; Osmond A ; Darlington, 2002:1 ) . This failure can be attributed to the same racialist attitudes to Indigenous Australians that saw Australia declared an empty continent by the first colonists ( HREOC, 1997 ) . Looking through the lens of attachment theory at Australia s history of physical remotion of Autochthonal kids, it is easy to see the bequest of intergenerational agony and its on-going impact on the well-being of Autochthonal communities today ( Sanson A ; Wise, 2001:39 ) . From today s position histo ric kid protection patterns imposed on Autochthonal Australians are seen as kid maltreatment and ill-treatment. Prime Minister Rudd s apology, in February 2008, for the harm done to Indigenous Australian s through past policies of remotion, evidences the alteration in Australian societal values which are reflected in policy. In the Bringing them Home Report ( HREOC, 1997:19 ) , Sir William Deane acknowledges the extent to which present disadvantage flows from past unfairnesss and subjugation. The study recognizes the lasting wounding caused to the Stolen Generation by physical remotion and institutional maltreatment. All provinces and districts in Australia have accepted the Autochthonal Placement Principle as jurisprudence or policy ( SNAIC, 2002:66. ) This policy recognizes the importance of retaining Indigenous Australian kids s connexions to their community and civilization ( Ban, 2005:388 ) . The Indigenous Placement Principle embeds Autochthonal cultural values in societal policy by seeking to put kids within extended households and their communities. This rule is critical to turn toing issues such as Autochthonal kids being six times more likely to be removed than any other Australian kids and 20 times more likely to be in the juvenile justness system. This high rate of remotion can be attributed to structural issues such as poorness, deficiency of equal lodging and the intergenerational effects of policies that forcibly and intentionally removed Autochthonal kids from civilization and household ( Zuchowski, 2009:76 ) . In 50 old ages, approaches to autochthonal kid protection in Australia have radically changed ; they now reflect acknowledgment of past unfairnesss, regard for cultural differences and values and a committedness to partnership and coaction between authoritiess, services and Autochthonal Australians to construct capacities and resiliency in communities to maintain households and kids safe ( Calma, 2007 ) . Economic Impacts Thomson ( 2003 ) suggests that there is an institutional sightlessness to the function that poorness dramas in seting kids at hazard of injury. The rise of economic rationalism as the dominant doctrine through the 1990 s in Australian societal policy has been twofold: under- resourcing of public assistance services such as kid protection and a user -pays attack which sees the hapless and destitute farther disadvantaged. Economic rationalism is a potentially value loaded attack where those who are socially and economically disadvantaged held responsible for their fortunes. As Tomison ( 2001:52 ) acknowledges the focal point of economic rationalism on efficiency, effectivity and answerability potentially conflicts with the ethical committednesss made by societal workers such as a committedness to accomplishing societal justness ( Tilbury et al 2007:10 ; AASW, 1999 ) . Economic issues impact the rapprochement procedure with the Indigenous community as healing and rapprochement relies on damages of past wrongs ( HREOC, 1997 ) . Thorpe ( 2007 ) besides notes that a disproportional sum of resources in kid protection are spent on probe instead than attention. Current Social Policy Approachs: Prevention and early intercession The current discourse on kid protection, influenced by strength based and grounds based attacks, has shifted from speaking about maltreatment to speaking about injury ( Zuchowski, 2009:33 ) . Feminism and Post-modernism recognize linguistic communication as a site which contributes to specifying societal value ; these discourses have besides contributed to the displacement from speaking about maltreatment to concentrating on the injury done to kids. Harm is defined in The Child Protection Act ( 1999 ) as any damaging consequence of a important nature on the kid s wellbeing . This term allows for household and kid to lend to the appraisal of what is considered detrimental and significant ( Tilbury et al, 2007:4 ) . The focal point since the mid 1990 s in Australia has been on early intercession and bar ( Tomison, 2001:54-55 ) . Resilience has been recognized as a cardinal protective factor in kids lasting ill-treatment and high hazard state of affairss and accomplishing healthy and adaptative results. The turning acknowledgment that heightening protective factors to forestall ill-treatment of kids is cost effectual, and provides both societal and economic benefits, has seen an increasing focal point on the bringing of early intercession and bar services in Australia. These services are largely delivered through non-government bureaus such as Family Centres in New South Wales. Government policies now focus on health and well-being through heightening community, household and single strengths. These current strengths-based household support attacks are a contrast to historic attacks that sought to put duty and fault entirely with the parent. Children s wellness and well-being is now seen as a community duty ; the impact of the socio-economic environment in which the household lives is now taken into histor y ( Tomison, 2002:7 ; 2001:55 ) . Decision Harmonizing to Tilbury et Al the label kid maltreatment alterations harmonizing to societal context and reflects public sentiment and values every bit good as adept sentiment and reflects the grade to which society supports households to care for their kids ( 2007:6 ) . Furthermore apprehensions of kid maltreatment and disregard differ harmonizing to socio-economic position, civilization and cultural background ( Bowes A ; Watson, 2004 ) , as cited in Tilbury et Al. ( 2007:6 ) . What constitutes child maltreatment is dependent on societal and cultural values ; this is clearly evidenced in the alterations to the intervention and attention of kids throughout even the short history of Australia since white colony. The addition in presentment and confirmation of kids at hazard in the last decennary is the result of a widening definition of what comprises kid maltreatment ( Scott, 2006, as cited in Thorpe, 2007:1 ) . Australia s history of physical remotion of Autochthonal kids, the disjunction of British migratory kids from household, the maltreatment of kids in institutional attention and the on-going societal and mental harm that these patterns caused is now good known ( Thorpe, 2007:1 ) . These historic patterns are unacceptable and considered maltreatment and ill-treatment in Australia today. When compared with Australia s current collaborative and culturally sensitive attack to child protection it is clear that kid maltreatment, and community perceptual exp erience and response to it, reflect the dominant cultural and societal values of the twenty-four hours.
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Steve Bannon Bio - Media and Political Careers Steve Bannon is an American political strategist andÃ the primary architect of Donald Trumps successful campaign for president in 2016. He isÃ a former executiveÃ at the controversialÃ Breitbart News Network, which he once described as aÃ platform for the alt-right,Ã a loosely connected group of young, disaffected Republicans and white nationalistsÃ who rose to prominence on Trumps coattails.Ã Bannon is one of the most polarizing figures in modern American politics and has been accused of allowing Breitbart and the Trump administration to bring racist and anti-Semitic views into the mainstream. Bannon essentially has established himself as the chief curator for the alt right. Under his stewardship, Breitbart has emerged as the leading source for the extreme views of a vocal minority who peddle bigotry and promote hate, states the Anti-Defamation League, which works to defend Jewish people and stop anti-Semitism. Breitbart, however, has dismissed the alt-right, calling it a fringe element and a bunchÃ of losers. Ã¢â¬Å"These guys are a collection of clowns,Ã¢â¬ he said in 2017. Bannon has described himself as a strong American nationalist. Executive at Breitbart News Bannon took over Breitbart News when its founder, Andrew Breitbart, died in 2012. He routinely promoted stories designed to alarm readers about illegal immigration and Shariah Law. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re theÃ platform for the alt-right,Ã¢â¬ Bannon told a reporter for Mother Jones in 2016. Bannon left Breitbart and worked for Trump for a year; he returned to Breitbart in August 2017 and served as the news networks executive chairman until January 2018. He resigned after igniting a firestorm with the Trump family by callingÃ Donald Trump Jr. Ã¢â¬Å"treasonousÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"unpatrioticÃ¢â¬ for meetingÃ with a Russian lawyer who claimed to have dirt on Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton in the 2016 election campaign. Strategist in Donald Trumps 2016 Presidential Campaign Bannon was brought on as the chief executive officer of Trumps presidential campaign.in a major shakeup just months before the 2016 election. He left his job at Breitbart News butÃ was believed to have used website popular with alt-right as a way of inciting its extreme-right audience and rallying them behind the Trump campaign. Ã¢â¬Å"If you look at Stephen Bannon and what theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve built at Breitbart, itÃ¢â¬â¢s win at all cost, and I really think that makes people on the left very afraid because they are willing to say and do things that others in the mainstream media wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t do,Ã¢â¬ former Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski said at the time. Top Adviser in Donald Trump White House Bannon is largely responsible for Trumps resistance to compromise on immigration issues such as the proposed wall along the United States border with Mexico. Bannon believed compromise would not help the president gain ground with detractors, and only soften his support among Trumps base. Bannon felt the only way Trump could expand his support among Americans was to hold onto his rigid ideological beliefs. Bannons chief policy concern was what he called the United States economic war with China and a belief that, as he put it, globalists gutted the American working class and created a middle class in Asia. Bannon, in perhaps the clearest statements on his anti-globalist crusade,Ã told The American Prospects Robert Kuttner: Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re at economic war with China. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s in all their literature. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re not shy about saying what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re doing. One of us is going to be a hegemon in 25 or 30 years and itÃ¢â¬â¢s gonna be them if we go down this path. On Korea, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re just tapping us along. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just a sideshow. ... To me, the economic war with China is everything. And we have to be maniacally focused on that. If we continue to lose it, were five years away, I think, ten years at the most, of hitting an inflectionÃ point from which well never be able to recover. ...Ã WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve come to the conclusion that theyÃ¢â¬â¢re in an economic war and theyÃ¢â¬â¢re crushing us.Ã¢â¬ Bannon is also quoted as saying about his agenda: Like Andrew Jacksons populism, were going to build an entirely new political movement. Its everything related to jobs. The conservatives are going to go crazy. Im the guy pushing a trillion-dollar infrastructure plan. With negative interest rates throughout the world, its the greatest opportunity to rebuild everything. Ship yards, iron works, get them all jacked up. Were just going to throw it up against the wall and see if it sticks. It will be as exciting as the 1930s, greater than the Reagan revolution - conservatives, plus populists, in an economic nationalist movement. Bannon was forced out of the job in August 2017 following Trumps botched response to a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, that turned violent, killing one counter protester. The president was widely criticized for his response, in which he claimed both sides were to blame for violence. Bannon had also made disparaging remarks about some members of the Trump White House to journalists, which hastened his exit. Bannons exit, however, also came amid reports that he had clashed with Jared Kushner, Trumps son-in-law and senior White House adviser, as well as other key members of the presidents leadership team. Banking Career Perhaps the least known aspect of Bannons career is the time he spent in banking. Bannon began his Wall Street career in 1985 in mergers and acquisitions with Goldman Sachs and was promoted to Vice President about three years later. Bannon told the Chicago Tribune in a March 2017 profile that his first three years at Goldman Sachs was to respond to a boom in hostile takeovers. Goldman Sachs took the side of companies under attack from corporate raiders and leveraged buyout firms. Bannon had to come up with strategies to protect companies from unwanted suitors. He broke with the mega-firm in 1990 to launch his ownÃ investment bank,Ã Bannon Co., which invested primarily in movies and other intellectual property. Military Career Bannon served seven years in the U.S. Navy, enlisting in the Reserve in 1976 and leaving in 1983 as an officer. He served two deployments at sea and then served three years at the Pentagon working on Navy budgets. His fellow officers saw him as something of an investmentÃ sensei, accordingÃ to a Washington Post profile of Bannons military service. Bannon was known to scour The Wall Street Journal for investments and often advised his fellow shipmates, the newspaper reported.Ã Filmmaker Bannon is listed as being the producer of 18 ideologically driven documentaries. They are: The Last 600 Meters, about the two biggest battles of the Iraq war, in Najaf and Fallujah Ã Torchbearer, about Duck Dynasty starÃ Phil RobertsonClinton Cash, an expose on the Clinton FoundationRickover: The Birth of Nuclear Power, a profile ofÃ Admiral Hyman G. RickoverSweetwater, a drama about a blood triangle on the rugged plains of the New Mexico TerritoryDistrict of Corruption, about government secrecy in Washington, D.C.The Hope the ChangeThe Undefeated, a profile of Sarah PalinBattle for America, a political documentary about Constitutional conservativesFire from the Heartland, a documentary about women conservativesGeneration Zero, about the economic crisis of 2008The Steam Experiment, thriller about global warming and the mediaTradition Never Graduates: A Season Inside Notre Dame FootballBorder War: The Battle Over Illegal ImmigrationCochise County USA: Cries from the Border, a documentary about illegal immigrationIn the Face of Evil: Reagans War in Word and DeedTitus, a historical thriller The Indian Runner, a drama about a Vietnam veteran featuring Sean Penn Controversies One of the biggest controversies to erupt in the Trump presidency was his use of an executive orderÃ in January 2017 to authorize BannonÃ to serve on the National Security Councils principals committee. The committee is made up of the secretaries of the departments of State and Defense, the director of Central Intelligence, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the chief of staff to the president and the national security adviser.Ã The appointment of Bannon, a political strategist, to a panel responsible for ensuring national security caught many Washington insiders by surprise. Ã¢â¬Å"The last place you want to put somebody who worries about politics is in a room where theyÃ¢â¬â¢re talking about national security,Ã¢â¬ former Defense Secretary and CIA Director Leon E. Panetta toldÃ The New York Times. Bannon was removed from the National Security Council in April 2017, less than three months later. The controversy that led to Bannon estrangement from the Trumps, though, was his accusation that Donald Trump Jrs meeting with a Russian lawyer was treasonous.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The three senior guys in the campaign thought it was a good idea to meet with a foreign government inside Trump Tower in the conference room on the 25th floor Ã¢â¬â with no lawyers. They didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have any lawyers, Bannon is quoted as saying.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Even if you thought that this was not treasonous, or unpatriotic, or bad [expletive], and I happen to think itÃ¢â¬â¢s all of that, you should have called the FBI immediately.Ã¢â¬ Bannon made the remarks to journalistÃ Michael Wolff, who published them in the 2018 blockbuster bookÃ Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump WhiteÃ House. Breitbart was largely silent on Bannons departure; it issued a prepared statement from CEOÃ Larry Solov stating: Ã¢â¬Å"Steve is a valued part of our legacy, and we will always be grateful for his contributions, and what he has helped us to accomplish.Ã¢â¬ Bannon later apologized for his remarks about the president and his son. Ã¢â¬Å"Donald Trump, Jr. is both a patriot and a good man. He has been relentless in his advocacy for his father and the agenda that has helped turn our country around. My support is also unwavering for the president and his agenda - as I have shown daily in my national radio broadcasts, on the pages of Breitbart News and in speeches and appearances from Tokyo and Hong Kong to Arizona and Alabama,Ã¢â¬ Bannon said in January 2018. Education Heres a quick look at Bannons educational background. Class of 1972 at Benedictine High School, a Roman Catholic military school in Richmond, Virginia.Bachelors degree in urban affairs in 1976 from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, where he was elected Student Government Association president in 1975.Masters degreeÃ in national security studies fromÃ Georgetown Universitys School of Foreign Service in 1983.Master degree in business administration from Harvard University in 1985. Personal Life Bannons full name is Stephan Kevin Bannon. He was born in 1953 in Richmond, Virginia. Bannon has married and divorced three times. He has three grown daughters. Quotes About Steve Bannon It is almost impossible not to hold an opinion on Bannons political views, his role in the Trump White House or even his appearance. Heres a look at what some prominent figures have said about Bannon.Ã On his appearance: Bannon was unlike most other strategists who worked in the top echelons of politics. He was known for his unkempt appearance, often showing up for work at the White House unshaven and wearing informal attire unlike his peers, who wore suits. Bannon gleefully threw off the strictures of the working stiff and adopted a singular personal style: rumpled oxfords layered over multiple polo shirts, ratty cargo shorts, and flip-flops - a sartorial middle finger to the whole wide world, wrote journalist Joshua Green in his 2017 book about Bannon, Devils Bargain. Trump political adviserÃ Roger Stone once said:Ã Steve needs to be introduced to soap and water.Ã On his agenda in the White House: Anthony Scaramucci, hired as Trumps communications director and fired a few days later, accused Bannon in a profanity-laden rant of trying to forward his own self-interests on the presidents coattails.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not trying to build my own brand off the [expletive] strength of the president, Scaramucci said, suggesting Bannon was. On his work ethic:Ã Ã¢â¬Å"A lot of intellectuals sit back and write columns and let other people do the work. Steve is a believer in doing both,Ã¢â¬ said David Bossie, president of the conservative group Citizens United. On his character: Ã¢â¬Å"He is a vindictive, nasty figure, infamous for verbally abusing supposed friends and threatening enemies. He will attempt to ruin anyone who impedes his unending ambition, and he will use anyone bigger than he is Ã¢â¬â for example, Donald Trump Ã¢â¬â to get where he wants to go,Ã¢â¬ said Ben Shapiro, a former editor at Breitbart. Controversial Quotes From Bannon On apathy and getting people engaged politically: Ã¢â¬Å"Fear is a good thing. Fear is going to lead you to take action.Ã¢â¬ On racism in the alt-right movement: Ã¢â¬Å"Are there racist people involved in the alt-right? Absolutely. Look, are there some people that are white nationalists that are attracted to some of the philosophies of the alt-right? Maybe. Are there some people that are anti-Semitic that are attracted? Maybe. Right? Maybe some people are attracted to the alt-right that are homophobes, right? But thatÃ¢â¬â¢s just like, there are certain elements of the progressive left and the hard left that attract certain elements.Ã¢â¬ On upending the Republican Party:Ã Ã¢â¬Å"We donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe there is a functional conservative party in this country and we certainly donÃ¢â¬â¢t think the Republican Party is that. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s going to be an insurgent, center-right populist movement that is virulently anti-establishment, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s going to continue to hammer this city, both the progressive left and the institutional Republican Party.Ã¢â¬
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Broken Windows - Essay Example The theory postulates that when public behavior in a neighborhood is unregulated, it leads to the gradual Ã¢â¬Å"breakdown of community controlsÃ¢â¬ (Kelling and Wilson, 2, 1982). The Ã¢â¬Ëbroken windowÃ¢â¬â¢ here is symbolic of the breakdown of the informal controls through which people regulate public behavior in a neighborhood. The shared civic obligations and mutual considerations of community living act as barriers to crime and disorder. Once these barriers are overcome by the perception that Ã¢â¬Ëno one cares,Ã¢â¬â¢ vandalism occurs. Social controls are weakened and citizens feel that the environment in uncontrolled. This generates fear. Such an area, with its Ã¢â¬Ëbroken windows, is particularly vulnerable to the spread of crime and disorder. Ã When disorderly behavior remains unchecked, it goes on to become criminal. When police apply the Ã¢â¬ËBroken WindowÃ¢â¬â¢ theory to specific actions on the street, they aim to Ã¢â¬Å"elevate --- the level of public orderÃ¢â¬ in the neighborhood (Kelling and Wilson, 1982). The role of the police is to maintain order. It is acknowledged that disorder and crime are interconnected in a community. The policeÃ¢â¬â¢s role is founded on this link between order-maintenance and crime-prevention. Their role is based on the premise that Ã¢â¬Å"serious street crime flourishes in areas in which disorderly behavior goes uncheckedÃ¢â¬ (Kelling and Wilson, 2, 1982). It is a reflection of the policeÃ¢â¬â¢s role in earlier periods, when the main responsibility of the police was to maintain order. Actions such as keeping drinking away from the main intersections, questioning strange loiterers, preventing panhandlers and vagrants from bothering pedestrians and begging at bus-stops, keeping noisy teenagers in check, and settling disputes between customers and busi nessmen are geared towards the maintenance of public order. Arresting a single drunk or vagrant